The National Institutes of Technology (NITs): are a group of higher education engineering institutes in India. Comprising thirty
autonomous institutes, they are located in one each major state/territory of India. On their inception decades ago, all NITs
were referred to as Regional Engineering Colleges (RECs) and were governed by their respective state governments. A
parliamentary legislation in 2002 brought them under the direct purview of India's federal government. In 2007, through
legislation, the Indian government declared these schools as Institutes of National Importance at par with the Indian
Institutes of Technology.
NITs were found to promote regional diversity and multi-cultural understanding in India. Therefore, in the NIT school system,
50% of the student population in each batch is drawn from the respective state of the NIT and the other 50% is drawn from
the rest of India on a common merit list. This is different than the Indian Institutes of Technology or IITs - another prominent
engineering school system in India. An IIT need not accept specified number of students from any region of India as the IIT
admission criteria is based only on the performance of a student in an entrance examination.
NITs offer degree courses at bachelors, masters, and doctorate levels in various branches of engineering and technology.
Various nationwide college surveys rate most of the NITs over other colleges in India, except for the IITs and a few other
institutions. NITs function autonomously, similarly to IITs, sharing only entrance tests. The autonomy enables the NITs to set
up their own curriculum, thereby making it easier to adapt to changing industry requirements. The admissions to the
Undergraduate Programmes at these institutions for all Indian and Foreign nationals are made through the Joint Entrance
Examination (JEE) Main.